History of Jaipur

Jaipur is one of the most culturally rich heritage cities in India. Founded in the year 1727, the city is named after Maharaja Jai Singh II who was the main founder of this city. He was a Kachhwaha Rajput and ruled the area between 1699 and 1744.

The Pink City

Jaipur got the name ‘Pink City’ in 1853, when the reigning King Sawai Ram Singh painted all royal and official buildings in sandstone color to commemorate the visit of Prince of Wales to the city. The city is world famous for its extraordinary buildings and its vibrancy is adequately depicted by the color.

Today, Jaipur is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Millions of domestic and international tourists throng its beautiful hotels and palaces to relive its royal past. Many of the ancient palaces have been transformed into heritage hotels.

City Palace

City Palace

City Palace, which was the home of the king Sawai Maan Singh, is different from all the forts of Jaipur which shares the part of the art gallery, marble pillars and carved interiors which can never be seen in any part of other regions.

City Palace one of the major tourist attraction fascinated by marvelous architecture of Mughal and Rajput and European style of architecture is a official residence of Maharaja of Jaipur and Royal family resides in Chandra Mahal. Since 1959, The palace is opened to the General public and International visitor’s as a museum.

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Jantar Mantar

It is also knows as the place of astronomical instruments built by the king Jai Singh III of Jaipur who was titled the king with brains. All the instruments in Jantar Mantar shares a particular attribute that helps in astronomical measurement.

Jantar Mantar consists of fourteen geometric devices which can measure time, predict eclipse, track stars with the location of earth orbiting around the sun, decline of planets and determining the celestial altitudes. Jantar mantar is the perfect fusion of the astronomical intelligence with the typical heritage of Rajasthan.

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Jantar Mantar
Nahargarh Fort

Nahargarh Fort

Nahargarh is one beautiful fort in the region of Jaipur which acted as one of the strong defense ring for the city of Jaipur during the ruling times of Sawai Man Singh. The view of the city from Nahargarh is fabulous and breathe taking.

While Nahargarh fort in Jaipur overlooks the skyline by daylight hours, the fort creates a spectacular view when floodlit nocturnally. Since Nahargarh Fort is placed on one of prehistoric hill ranges of the world named the Aravalli mountain ranges, this famous fort offers a magnificent vision of the picturesque surroundings to the visitors.

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Jaigarh Fort

Jaigarh Fort is knows as the victory fort which was built by the king Sawai Maan Singh III in order to protect the amber fort and the palace complex within it. The world’s largest canon on wheel is kept in nahargarh fort which embraces the pride and honour of the fort.

The Jaigarh fort was established between 15th and 18th century to reinforce the protection of Amer. This fort has nice moats and all the other aspects that a tourist would look forward to of a qualified fortress.

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Jaigarh Fort
Amber Fort

Amber Fort

Amber fort shares a special place in the hearts of the local people. Amber Fort shares an amazing history which resembles to the victory of Sawai Maan Singh and establishment of Mata temple in Amber Fort. The amazing style of architect force people to enjoy and feel the richness of the culture.

The fort is remarkable for its majestic grandeur, surroundings, battles and beautiful palaces and halls. Fort is known for its Indian Artistic Style, blending Hindu and Rajputs elements.

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Geography & Climate

Jaipur is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan, surrounded on three sides by the rugged Aravali hills. Jaipur is located at 26°55′N 75°49′E (26.92°N 75.82°E). It is surrounded by Alwar and Sikar in the North; by Sikar, Nagaur, and Ajmer in West; by Ajmer, Tonk, and Sawai Madhopur in the South and by Dausa and Bharatpur districts in East. It has an average elevation of 430 metres (1414 ft).

Jaipur has a semi-arid climate. Temperatures vary in different seasons. In the summer months of April to June, average daily temperature of around 35oC. May and June are the hottest months in Jaipur. Temperature reaches up to 40-45oC in these months. Annually the rainfall is concentrated in the monsoon months between June (Last of June) and September. It receives over 500 mm (approx 20 inch) of rainfall an average. The winter months of November to February are mild and pleasant, with average temperatures in the 15-18oC range and little or no humidity. December and January are the coldest months in Jaipur. Temperature varies between 5-10oC in these months. There are however occasional cold waves that lead to temperatures near freezing.